In the Name of Allah, The Most Gracious, Most Merciful
A link to previous lessons:
Dear brother, with a new lesson about the Prophet's Curriculum ( Seerah), I explained how the prophet ( PBUH) has moved from Mekkah to Medinah ,from the power of truth , revelation, straightness, loyalty, sacrifice, but, his companions were being tortured infront of him , he moved to Medinah to add the right of power to the truth right, thus he established a strong entity , basis on equality , removing the antagonism among people, solidarity. Now we continue the features of Islamic entity at Medinah.
But, there's a story I should tell you is considered to be an emergency relations setback between Awes& Khazraj, and how Allah described conflicts among Muslims to be an infidelity.
A setback in the relationship between Awes& Khazraj:
It was narrated in the curriculum of Prophet- while being in Medinah- that, a Jewish , teased by the existing harmony among Muslims, -and to project this fact over our reality , that our enemies today have only one winning card which is separating Muslims , and provoking sectarianism riot among them- So, back now to the story of the wrath Jewish who became so due to Muslims harmonic after their hostility and resentment before Islam. So , he ordered someone to set with them and remind them of Bua'ath ( a previous war between them before Islam).Their fight in that Day and their bad relations before that day, and reauthor some of their poets …., thus , they were taken by a pre-Islamic whim, then quarreled, then two men stand to each other and talked big saying: If you wish , we shall refight now, the two parties- Awes& Khazraj got furious & were about to fight , the Prophet ( PBUH) , who was told , came angrily with his Muhajereen ( those who immigrated from Mekkah to Medinah )companions and told them:
(( Oh Muslims folks, Allah, Allah, ( to express one's anger )Are you calling for paganism while having me among you? Are you doing so after been guided by Allah to Islam – and He honored you by Islam, disconnect you from paganism and rescued you from polytheism , he created a harmony among you because of Islam, Are you returning to polytheism ? His folks then realized that it's a Satan whim, and an enemy slyness , they cried then hugged one another then left with the Prophet obeying him.))
So, the Holy Prophet described the antagonism to be a polytheism, consequently, a Holy Qura'n was revealed describing that event, listen carefully to Allah's words:
﴾And how would you disbelieve, while unto you are reauthord the Verses of Allah, and among you is His Messenger ( Mohammed PBUH) ? and whoever holds firmly to Allah( i.e. follow Islam, Allah's religion , and obeys all that Allah has ordered , practically)then he is indeed guided to the Right Path.* O you who believe ! fear Allah( by doing all that he has ordered and by abstaining from all that He has forbidden) as He should be feared ( obey Him, be thankful to Him, and remember Him always), and die not except in a state of Islam ( with complete submission to Allah).* And hold fast , all of you together to the rope of Allah(i.e. this Qur'an)and be not divided among yourselves, and remember Allah's favour on you , for you were enemies one to another but He joined your hearts together, so that, by His Grace, you become brethren ( in Islamic Faith) , and you were on the prink of a pit of fire , and He saved you from it. Thus Allah makes His Ayat( proofs) clear to you that you may be guided.* Let there arise out of you a group of people inviting to all that is good ( Islam) enjoining Al-Ma'ruf ( I.E. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do) and forbidding Al-Munkar( polytheism and disbelief and all that Islam has forbidden ). And it is they who are successful. And not be as those who divided and differed among themselves after the clear proofs has come to them. It is they for whom there is an awful torment. On the Day ( of Resurrection ) when some faces will become white and some faces will become black; as for those whose faces will become black( to them will be said): "Did you reject faith after accepting it ? then taste the torment ( in Hell) for rejecting faith."* and for those whose faces will become white, they will be in Allah's mercy ( Paradise) , therein they shall dwell forever. These are the verses of Allah: We reauthor them to you( O Mohammed- PBUH) in truth, and Allah wills no injustice to the Alamin ( man kind , jinn, and all that exists.)﴿
Dispute is a practical polytheism:
The Holy Qura'n described antagonism or dispute to be polytheism.
Doctrine Scholars described this to be a polytheism less than polytheism , there's a polytheism would take you out of Islam, and there's a less grade polytheism; dispute among Muslims is a kind of polytheism , as these antagonisms weaken, scatter , tear away and make their harm among each other, Allah commented on this saying:
﴾The Romans have been defeated. in the nearest land ( Syria, Iraq, Jordan and Palestine) and they , after their defeat , will be victorious. within three to nine years , the decision of the matter , before and after( these events ) is only with Allah( before the defeat of the Romans by Persians and after the defeat of the Persians by the Romans) , and on that day , the believers(i.e. Muslims) will rejoice at the victory given by Allah to the Romans against the Persians). With the Help of Allah.﴿Allah, the Al-Mighty has bestowed victory to Roman , people of a Book, over Persians, who were Magus, worshipping fire, thus Allah proved to the Honorable companions- the best creatures-of the Prophet ( PBUH ), He proved their delight by this victory, saying:
﴾And on that day, the believers (i.e. Muslims) will rejoice at the victory given by Allah to the Romans against the Persians). With the Help of Allah﴿
Thus, there are common divisors among Muslims & people of The Book, but, there're great contradictions in beliefs. While the common divisors between the Muslims' groups is much more. Thus we should be delighted by the victory of Allah, not to whisper to each other that this victory is not ours, it's for all Muslims. So, the Prophet's companions were pleased by the verse of The Holy Qura'n mentioning the victory of The people of the Book, because they defeated fire worshippers. Even though, the great contradiction exists between the two parties; the Muslims & the people of Book.
Verses reveal reason:
Oh, respectable brother, it was mentioned that these verses reason of reveal was the event took place during Prophet's (PBUH) life, who was described by Allah:
﴾Verily, there has come unto you a Messenger (Mohammed PBUH) from amongst yourselves (i.e. whom you know well). It grieves Him that you should receive any injury or difficulty, He (Mohammed PBUH) is anxious over you (to be rightly guided, to repent to Allah, and beg Him to pardon and forgive your sins in order that you may enter Paradise and be saved from the punishment of the hell-fire; for the believers (He- PBUH is) full of pity, kind and merciful.﴿
So, the Holy Prophet made sure to unit Muslims after his death, as our enemies gathered us in one hand, so we should stand together in one ditch.
Our enemies' problem is a matter of death or life, our problem also, is a matter of death or life.
It was narrated by Ibn- Abbas that, the Holy Prophet said
(( Oh, never get back to monotheism, slaughter each other – after my death.""All's of a Muslim is banned for another Muslim, his blood, money (belongings) and honor))
Basics of social establishments:
Oh, respectable brother, the first basic of social establishment is fraternity, as the Holy Prophet (PBUH) fraternized the Immigrants ( i.e. Muhajereen) with Ansar.
We have now great Islamic phenomena, grand mosques, Islamic conferences, libraries stuffed by books, lectures, lessons, but, we lack the liking among one another which was among the Prophet's companions. May Allah be pleased by them.
So, the psychological side is that liking among Muslims fasten their bonds.
﴾And do not dispute (with one another) lest you lose courage and your strength departs﴿Thus, Allah, the Al-Mighty, is illustrating the way on which we should follow:
﴾O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another.﴿Not to fight each other but to know one another
﴾O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most honorable of you with Allah is that (believer) who has At-taqwa ( he is one of Muttaqin – the pious. Verily, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware.﴿Thus, this verse is a curriculum, and it's a feature of triumph, believers' fraternity.
In another verse, Allah said:
﴾The believers are nothing else than brother﴿Believe me brother, you are not believers unless you feel your belonging to the believers,
﴾The believers are nothing else than brother﴿
﴾Those who are given the Scripture (Jews& Christians) didn't differ except, out of mutual jealousy, after knowledge had come to them. ﴿
Natural difference & abnormal difference
1- Lack of information is a natural difference.
Some scholars indicated that , lack of information difference is natural , for example, we're fasting the 29th day of Ramadan , we heard a sound , is it the sound of announcing Eid –al-Feter feast- or is it a bomb? Our lack of information leads to difference, which is natural. Now after listening to the radio, we know the right information whether it's a bomb or the following day is Eid Al- feter.
So, people were one nation, then they differed – according to lack of information- consequently, Allah sent his Apostles to illustrate as mentioned in the Holy Qura'n "Those who are given the Scripture (Jews& Christians) didn't differ except , out of mutual jealousy , after knowledge had come to them. "
2-Abnormal difference: after knowledge:
This difference is filthy while, lack of information difference is natural; not praised neither dispraised. But, difference after knowledge is due fancy, interests & arrogance.
﴾Those who are given the Scripture (Jews& Christians) didn't differ except, out of mutual jealousy, after knowledge had come to them.﴿Envy caused their difference. When you attend a religious lecture, you can only head, Allah's saying (Holy Qura'n) and the Hadith, so, we have unique God, Prophet, Sunnah (Prophet's curriculum), though Muslims now are parties, denomination, factions….even, they sometimes fight each sh3er.
So, the second difference, the filthy one is the oppression difference.
3-Eulogized difference: Competition Difference:
Some body thinks that writing books is the best thing to do, other believes that when you help establishing harmony with someone in order to guide him to Islam is the best thing to do, to build a mosque, to feed poor people….so, believers differ in their strive, but paths to Allah are countless , you may build a mosque, give lectures, preach, write books, establish orphanage, build a clinic, reconcile people, so all the countless paths definitely lead to Allah.
To conclude, we have natural difference- not praised nor dispraised ; due to lack of information.
The abnormal difference , due to fancy, interests, oppression & arrogance, which is filthy. The last difference is caused by competition
﴾ And for this let(all ) those strive who want to strive ( i/e/ hasten earnestly to the obedience of Allah.﴿Which is praised, thus, the Prophet ( PBUH) fraternized among Muhajereen & Ansar, which considered as honor medals ,besides that the Prophet's fraternized among early Muslims – while being in Mekkah, before Higrah.
What forbids us from practicing fraternity?
After this lesson, can't you fraternize a Muslim? Saying , oh, you're my brother in Islam. You check, if he doesn't attend next lesson, you ask after him , he may be sick , so , you call him asking for his health , what really forbid him from attending… after this , how do you think he'll feel? Of course, he'll be pleased, this is fraternity.
If everyone look for a person to be his brother in Islam, and made acquaintance with him, having his phone number, asking after him, offer to help him, in case he needs any thing …..the society will be united.
A person told me: if I missed religious lessons for a year, no one will ever try to phone me asking what's the matter with me?
So , we seem to be united , but , the truth is that we are apart. No one knows the other. The holy Prophet when fraternized with some one, he knew his name, his father's name, his family, what's his profession, his address ….
Among the Prophet's curriculum is the fraternity, he fraternized the early Muslims , abu Baker & Omar, Abdullah Bin Masoud & Zubair bin Awwam, Othman bin Affan & Abdulrahman bin Awf, Saad bin Abi wakkas & Ammar bin Yaser, Early Muslims in Mekkah practiced entire fraternity.
Oh, brother, I swear Allah , if you fraternize, you'll feel delighted, and will live in heaven, life is too tough, bad news, things cause worry , future is dark….. a real brother by Islam really decreases life burdens , crisis, social depressions.
You can't be happier than having this brother, and he'll be so.
Allah's said in the Holy Hadith, narrated by the Holy Prophet:
(( My fondness is a must for those who like each other for my sake, who are companions for my sake, who spend for My Sake, who visit each other for My sake, who ever like each other for my sake shall be on light forums are beatituded by Prophet's in the Resurrection Day.))We should not only listen to these ideas, but want to practice, to live our lives according to the concept of fraternity.To turn this lesson into a reality. Our problem is to live or die, to remain or to vanish…. You decrease one's troubles by fraternize him and he does so to you.
Great examples of the Prophet's companions' fraternity:
1-Between Abu- Baker & Bilal:
When , Abu- Baker, was informed that Bilal, who was a slave, was under torture, even though , Abu Baker was a real master , a Qurashi celebrity & high class ,while Bilal was from the low class ; being a slave. But since Allah says:
﴾The believers are nothing else than brother﴿
Safwan bin Aumayah , who was torturing Bilal by putting a heavy rock on his chest during the hot summer middays asking him to disbelieve in the Prophet, while Bilal insisted on his religion saying: there's only one God ( Allah)
So when he was informed , he went to Bilal's master; and told him: how much would you sell me Bilal? He mentioned a number and Abu – Baker paid for Bilal. After that Safwan said- mocking from Bilal: I swear I'd sell it to you if only you paid a dirham. So, Abu- Baker replied: I swear , if you wanted a hundred thousand to sell him , I would pay it, he- Bilal- indeed is my brother.
a Qurashi celebrity & a low class person!!!, even though he said: Bilal- indeed is my brother.
The Prophet's companions – May Allah be pleased by them- when remembering Abu Baker, they say: He is our master, and set free our master.
Our master, Omar- the second wise Khalifa- if ever informed that Bilal is coming to Medinah, he walked out to receive Bilal.
So brother, I reminded you in this lesson by a slight set back for Ansar , resulted in Qura'n revealing:
﴾And how would you disbelieve, while unto you are reauthord the Verses of Allah, and among you is His Messenger ( Mohammed PBUH)?﴿The Holy Prophet said:
((Oh, never get back to polytheism, slaughter each other – after my death.))
2- Between Abu- Thar & Bilal:
A slight whim, in a moment of anger; the prophet's companions are not infallibles.
Abu Tharr told Bilal once: Oh, your mother is black. When the holy prophet
( PBUH) was informed he told Abu Tharr: “you still have some paganism.”
Accordingly, Abu Tharr insisted to put his head on the ground, and enabled Bilal to put his foot over Abu Tharr's head. That's Islam.
3- A woman only sweeps the mosque:
A woman used to sweep the mosque, died the holy companions thought that due to her low class, only a sweeper, they shouldn't mention her death to the prophet (PBUH). After awhile, He checked after her, he was informed that she died.
He said angrily: Why didn't you tell me? and went to her grave , prayed funeral prayer , exceptional – the law is that funeral prayer is prayed before burial , but , He prayed after burial … this is the Islamic Society.
If you are a manager, you must check after your employees, even your door keeper, if you don't treat him in the same way you treat a senior employee, then you're not a believer!! Allah honors human being.
The horrible racism:
I always say that, the racism is the fatal disease in the world, how we measure malicious tumor as fatal disease, the five continents suffer this racism.
Who is the racial ?
The one who believes he is above sh3er, he looks down to them, thinks that people were born to serve him, he over values his life, time while sh3er lives & time hasn't any value, he has the right to do what so ever he wants, and has no obligations towards sh3er, he builds his glory over sh3er wrecks, his wealth over their poverty & his glory over their humiliation.
Examples of fraternity in Medinah:
What we previously mentioned was fraternity in Mekkah, while in Medinah , the Prophet(PBUH) fraternized between Muhajereen & Ansar in the house of Anas Bin Malek.thery were 90 man, half were Muhajereen & the other half was Ansar they were equivalents, one inherits the other after death, though they were not relatives…. Till the Battle of Bader when a Holy Qura'n was revealed ( the verses of inheritance)
﴾But kindred by blood are nearer to one another (regarding inheritance) in the decree ordained by Allah. Verily, Allah is the All -Knower of everything.﴿Inheritance turned to the blood relation rather than Islamic fraternity.
1- Between Abdul- Rahman & Saad
The Prophet ( PBUH) fraternized between these two companions of his , Saad bin Al Rabee'a offered to give Abdel rahman Bin Awf one of his two houses , two groceries & two gardens - it was not proven in the Islamic History that Any Muhajer has taken half the estate of any Ansar-, Abdel rahman Bin Awf replied:
Oh, I ask Allah to bless your money, brother. Would you guide me to the Souq
(markets), I can find a work.
When a person is very generous as to bestow his brother half his estate, the other is so continent and refuse but to find a work.
Scholars said: fraternity is the Ansar's need to meditate in Islam and the Muhajereen's need to shelter & help.
Thus, the subject of fraternity is terrific and we're in desperate need to it, and it'll be continued.