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Books- The Constituents of the Divine Assignment- 2nd Constituent- Paragraph (4-5) Between Reasoning and the Divine Reporting.
In the Name of Allah, The Most Gracious, Most Merciful  

 Whoever rejects the Divine reporting in the Quran or Sunnah, and whoever denies any of the unseen which is told by Allah just because it doesn’t appeal to his mind or because it is not comprehended by it, is committing Kufr, so is the one who declines Allah’s orders and refuses to obey Him out of arrogance and stubbornness.
Is it acceptable that a training nurse objects to the order of the best surgeon or gives solutions to him?
 Is it acceptable from a cadet to suggest something to the Chief General Staff? If this is not acceptable in this world, how come people believe for example in Darwin’s theory of evolution which conflicts with the Revelation? This belief is Kufr, so is disobeying Allah out of arrogance.
Remember that the biggest sin of Satan is of the second kind (rejecting Allah’s Order out of arrogance) after he was ordered by Allah to prostrate to Adam, but Satan said:

﴾And (remember) when We said to the angels: "Prostrate unto Adam." They prostrated except Iblis (Satan). He said: "Shall I prostrate to one whom You created from clay?"﴿

[Al-Isra’, 61]

 Satan, May Allah curse him, didn’t deny any of the unseen but his sin was to reject Allah’s Order out of arrogance and stubbornness because he thought that this Divine Order is not wise and he assumed that he is better than Adam because he was created from fire whereas Adam was created from clay and the better doesn’t prostrate to the lower in rank (as he saw it). Satan’s judgment was a corrupted one.
  How many Muslims find some Ayat not appealing to them and show their displeasure upon hearing them, like when you say to one of them:

﴾Tell the believing men to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things)﴿

[An-Nur, 30]

 One might say to you: “This Ayah doesn’t befit our era, what shall I do with my eye and where should I look (as half-naked women are everywhere)?”
 The one who rejects Allah’s Order out of arrogance or mischief is committing Kufr.
When Satan insisted on disobeying Allah, his punishment was that he was casted out of Allah’s Mercy forever and for eternity.
 As for the second matter by which Allah was disobeyed, it came from Adam PBUH. However, it was not out of arrogance but out of weakness and forgetfulness, so Allah forgave him, Allah says:

﴾And indeed We made a covenant with Adam before, but he forgot, and We found on his part no firm will-power.﴿

[Ta-Ha, 115]

 Furthermore, Adam didn’t insist on his sin, but rather he repented from it promptly and asked for Allah’s forgiveness for it.
  Allah says:

﴾And their Lord called out to them (saying): "Did I not forbid you that tree and tell you: Verily, Shaitan (Satan) is an open enemy unto you?" They said: "Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves. If You forgive us not, and bestow not upon us Your Mercy, we shall certainly be of the losers."﴿

[Al-A’raf, 22-23]

 How substantial is the difference between a sin committed out of arrogance and stubbornness and a sin committed out of weakness.
 When Adam and his wife admitted their sin and hastened to repent, Allah the Almighty accepted his apology and forgave his backsliding.
 These two lessons are important to the children of Adam, for a thousand sins committed out of weakness are thousand times easier (in repenting and being forgiven by Allah) than one sin out of arrogance and out of rejecting Allah’s Orders.
 Worship in its gist is to obey Allah in all His Orders whether these are easy or difficult orders and whether they appeal to the mind of the instructed or not.
  Allah knows the nature of His Orders and Prohibitions, and the servant is not a true servant unless he obeys his Lord without hesitation, reluctance, pause or question.
 Hence, man shouldn’t say: “Why did Allah order us to do this, and why did He order us to refrain from that?”
 If the servant obeys only the orders which appeal to his mind, comprehension and perceptive instead of obeying all the Orders of His Creator, Lord and Ilah, he won’t be a servant of Allah but rather he will be a servant of his own self.
 The servant, who doesn’t obey an order unless he understands the wisdom behind it, unless he comprehends it and unless he makes sure that it is for his own good, is not a servant of Allah but rather he is a servant of his own self, his own safety and his own interests.
  Man is obedient to his mind and heart in the most critical worldly matters. For example when a doctor says to him that he should do a surgical operation immediately to open his chest and replace a valve in his heart, he won’t hesitate one second and he is ready to face danger and pay a lot of money because his mind is convinced that this operation is for his own good, but does he obey Allah the same way?
 Man is ready to obey in any worldly matter that is conceived by his heart and mind even in the most difficult matters to his self and body, and he is even ready to face all difficulties to achieve what his heart, brain and desires order him to do. However, does not Allah deserve to be worshiped without hesitation, without asking about the purpose of His Orders and without arguing to find the proof and wisdom behind His Orders?
 Had obeying Allah been under the control of the mind, the heart and the desires, man would have never followed the truth or obeyed and worshipped Allah the Almighty.
 It is worth mentioning that the religion conflicts basically with man’s desires, opinion and what might seem rational to him, and this is the true meaning of worshiping Allah. It means obeying Allah even if you don’t realize or comprehend the wisdom of His Order. Allah’s Order is distinctive for the believer, and the only reason enough for the believer to obey it is that it is an Order from Allah.
A debate took place between a scientist who embraced Islam recently and whose every cell of his body worship Allah, and a scholar who was trying to convince him that swine meat is Haram (forbidden) putting forth hundreds of evidences to prove the harmful nature of that meat.
The scientist said: “For me, it was enough to say that Allah forbade it”.
 Does not this Great Creator of the heavens and the earth deserve to be obeyed by you without any hesitation or asking questions about the wisdom of His Orders?
 Now we will move from theoretical speech to practical examples.
  Ibrahim, PBUH was the best example in carrying out Allah’s Orders without hesitation, and thus Allah made him Imam (Leader) of all people and made prophethood exclusive in his offspring amongst the rest of people.
  Ibrahim reached this level because he didn’t hesitate in carrying out the irrational Orders (or what might seem irrational to the human mind) he was ordered by Allah.

﴾And (remember) when the Lord of Ibrahim (Abraham) [i.e., Allah] tried him with (certain) Commands, which he fulfilled. He (Allah) said (to him), "Verily, I am going to make you a leader (Prophet) of mankind."﴿

[Al-Baqarah, 124]

 Another irrational order to him was to leave his wife (Hajar) and her newborn son in the wild desert (the land of Mecca) where there was nothing, and without any company at all, and all the food he left with her was a sack of dates and a canteen of water, then he went back to Sham (The Levant).
 This Divine Order is hard to be conceived by any human mind, and if it is done by any other human being, it will be considered as a crime he should be punished for.
  Then Allah’s second order was to slaughter his son Isma’il after he had become a young man.
 Allah says:

﴾Then, when they had both submitted themselves (to the Will of Allah)﴿

[As-Saffaat, 103]

 He didn’t hesitate, postpone or delay the order, but rather he hastened to carry it out.
If any other human being slaughters his son it would be a crime for which he would be severely punished.
  Does the human mind accept leaving a wife and a newborn son in the open desert where there is no water or plant?
 Allah says:

﴾"O our Lord! I have made some of my offspring to dwell in an uncultivable valley by Your Sacred House (the Ka'bah at Makkah)﴿

[Ibrahim, 37]

  Ibn `Abbas narrated on the authority of Sa'id bin Jubair: The first lady to use a girdle was the mother of Ishmael. She used a girdle so that she might hide her tracks from Sarah. Abraham brought her and her son Ishmael while she was suckling him, to a place near the Ka`ba under a tree on the spot of Zamzam, at the highest place in the mosque. During those days, there was nobody in Mecca, nor was there any water. He made them sit over there and placed near them a leather bag containing some dates, and a small water-skin containing some water, and set out homeward. Ishmael's mother followed him saying, "O Abraham! Where are you going, leaving us in this valley where there is no person whose company we may enjoy, nor is there anything (to enjoy)?" She repeated that to him many times, but he did not look back at her. Then she asked him, "Has Allah ordered you to do so?" He said, "Yes." She said, "Then He will not neglect us,"

 Is there any human being with such trust (in Allah)?
  Leaving his wife and son in this hot desert means inevitable death, for there was no water or plant, given his wife and son are the dearest to him, but he left them and went back alone.

 Then she asked him, "Has Allah ordered you to do so?" He said, "Yes." She said, "Then He will not neglect us," and returned while Abraham proceeded onwards, and on reaching the Thaniya where they could not see him, he faced the Ka`ba, and raising both hands, invoked Allah saying the following prayers: 'O our Lord! I have made some of my offspring dwell in a valley without cultivation, by Your Sacred House (Ka`ba at Mecca) in order, O our Lord, that they may offer prayer perfectly. So fill some hearts among men with love towards them, and (O Allah) provide them with fruits, so that they may give thanks.' (14.37)

[Al-Bukhari and Ahamd]

 After she ran out of water, and her son started crying, she wandered between Safa and Marwah hills looking for any comers. however the angel, sent by Allah, made water (of Zamzam) spring out at the feet of the crying baby.
  Islam, which was revealed to our Master Mohammad PBUH is congruent with the rational thinking of people and with proofs, intellect and wisdom, only the worshiping part of Islam is burdensome.
 When the wisdom of any act of worship is known, the reward of offering it becomes less, and when the wisdom behind it is hidden, the reward of offering it increases. That is because you are obeying Allah without comprehending the wisdom of His order and this makes you deserve a very high rank (in the Sight of Allah).
 Among these acts or worship with hidden wisdom are the times of Salah, the numbers of Raka’ats, the movements durning Salah performed by the prayer, Zakat of some possessions, the minimum amount liable for paying out Zakah, Sawm and Hajj with all its Arkan like Tawaf (Circumambulation around Ka’bah), Sa’ee (the back and forth movement between the hills of Safa and Marwah in Mecca), kissing the black stone, stranding on Arafah mountain, spending the night in Muzdalifah, or Rami Al Jimar (the symbolic throwing of pebbles performed in Mina).
 If an educated father raised his son educating him, teaching him good manners and upbringing him according to Islam, then he got him married and gave him lot of money, is not that father entitled to say to his son: “Don’t do this” without giving him any reason for his order?
  If a father gave everything to his son, he provided him with whatever he needed and when this son was about to eat, his father said to him: “Don’t eat”.
 This father was very good to his son and he is a human being, isn’t he entitled in this case to be obeyed by his son? The son must say to such a father: “I will obey you father in everything you order me and I will not disobey you” This is the response of a human being to another generous human being.
 The gist of worshiping Allah is not very clear to the majority of Muslims, given even the most difficult act of worship will never equal the mother of graces endued to man by Allah, which is his existence.
 Allah says:

﴾Has there not been over man a period of time, when he was nothing to be mentioned?﴿

[Al-Insan, 1]

 Allah provides man with everything. Allah gave man the hearing, the vision, the tongue and the ability to talk.
 Allah says:

﴾Have We not made for him a pair of eyes? And a tongue and a pair of lips? And shown him the two ways (good and evil)? But he has made no effort to pass on the path that is steep.﴿

[Al-Balad, 8-11]

 Allah assigned man within his potentials, and His assignment is easy to be fulfilled, and it is beneficial to man. How can man decline fulfilling Allah’s assignment though he is indulged with Allah’s graces.
 Everything Allah orders or prohibits is considered an act of worship.
 Allah allows selling even if man’s profits were 1000%, but on the other hand, Allah forbids usury even if man takes only one Dirham through usury.
 These are Allah’s boundaries.
  Allah orders any woman not to mourn for the death of someone other than her husband more than three days even if he is so dear to her like her son, father or brother, but she should mourn for the death of her husband for 4 months and ten days even if she wasn’t fond of him.
  It is a Divine order and we should carry it out without hesitation or any comment on its wisdom, benefit, rational nature or useful purpose.
 Don’t judge religious matters using your mind, because this will mislead you and take you towards a plain error.
 Man should rather make the Sharee’a the judgment of his mind.
 Basically, man’s mind is congruent with Allah’s Sharee’a, but if in some cases the Divine Order doesn’t appeal to your mind, you should leave what your mind tells you in order to obey Allah.
The educated classes of people nowadays don’t accept anything without an explanation, and they ask for the wisdom behind everything.
 They ask: “Why is usury Haram?”
  “What harm does the bank do?”
 “The bank meets people needs and it gives them loans to establish business”
  The majority of the so called “contemporary Muslims” will discuss any Islamic ruling and they judge it with their minds.
 The mind deserves to be respected because it is the reason of being assigned by Allah, and there are close to 1000 Ayat in the Quran talking about science and mind. Yet we shouldn’t worship the mind instead of worshiping Allah.
 We admit the importance of the mind, but we shouldn’t use it in judging the Divine Revelation.
We support man’s comprehension of matters, but we shouldn’t obey Allah only in the matters we comprehend.
 Man’s mind should be used in verifying the authentication of the Divine reporting and in comprehending it, but it is not allowed to judge it.
 The error of not accepting any religious matter before comprehending it by man’s limited mind is a very delicate issue, for most of Muslims are victims of this approach even the most educated ones among them.

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