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September
18
1987
Scientific topics from sermons- lesson (74)- The Barrier and Complete Partition Between the two seas
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Praise be to Allah, the Lord of Creations, and Peace and blessings be upon our prophet Muhammad, the faithful and the honest.
 Oh, Allah, we know nothing but what You teach us. You are the All- Knower, the Wise. Oh Allah, teach us what is good for us, and benefit us from what You taught us, and increase our knowledge. Show us the righteous things as righteous and help us to do them, and show us the bad things as bad and help us to keep away from them.
  O Allah our Lord, lead us out from the depths of darkness and illusion, unto the lights of erudition and knowledge, and from the muddy shallows of lusts unto the heavens of Your Vicinity.

Scientific discovery about the barrier between the two seas:

 Two Ayahs in Allah’s Book, the Noble quran, one of which is in Surat Ar-Rahman (Chapter LV) and the other in Surat Al-Fourqan (Chapter XXV): the first Ayah goes:

“He (Allah) has made the two seas meet together, with a Barrier in between them so that neither may overwhelm the other. Then, which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and humans) deny?”

[LV; 19-21]

 In fact, religious scholars were greatly amazed as regards the Barrier mentioned in the above Quranic Ayah. Where is it? Is it between the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea? Is it between the Mediterranean and the Black Sea? Is it in the Bosporus? Is it between the Mediterranean and the Atlantic Ocean, at Gibraltar? Where is this Barrier?

“He (Allah) has made the two seas meet together, with a Barrier in between them so that neither may overwhelm the other. Then, which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and humans) deny?”

[LV; 19-21]

 The remarkable thing is that each of the two seas has its own unchanged degree of saltiness, which neither increases nor decreases, although they both stand beside each other and are linked to each other. Each of the two seas has their own density, temperature, and color, which do not change, increase or decrease. Flying on an airplane over Bab el Mandeb (strait between SW Arabia and Africa), Bosporus, or Gibraltar, you can see that each of the two seas differs clearly from the other.
 Scientists have found out that when molecules of the water of the Red Sea, for example, reach a certain presumed line (Barrier) at Bab el Mandeb, they go back to the Red Sea and that the same thing applies to molecules of the water of the Indian Ocean, which also go back once they reach the presumed line between the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean. Scientists have also found out that neither of the adjacent seas overwhelms the other or get mixed with it, simply because of

“a Barrier in between them so that neither may overwhelm the other”

[LV; 20]

 Each sea has its own unchanged degree of saltiness, density, and temperature. This applies to all adjacent seas and oceans of the world: none overwhelms another or gets mixed with it.
 Once again, Allah All Mighty, says,

“He (Allah) has made the two seas meet together, with a Barrier in between them so that neither may overwhelm the other”.

 But this Barrier is not a solid wall but rather a watery Barrier that stands between the two seas and separates them.
 The second Quranic Ayah is in Surat Al-Fourqan (Chapter XXV), and it speaks about another issue, namely the Barrier between rivers and seas. This Quranic Ayah goes:

“And it is He (Allah) Who has made the two seas meet together: one palatable and sweet, while the other salt and bitter; and He has set between them a Barrier and a Complete Partition.”

[XXV; 53]

  Undoubtedly, there is a Barrier and a Complete Partition between rivers, which have sweet water, and seas, which have salt water. By the way, the amplitude of some rivers in America is more than 300,000 cubic meters per second. Such rivers flow 80 km’s into the Atlantic Ocean, and their sweet water runs inside the salt water of the Atlantic Ocean, yet it does not mix with it. This is because of

“a Barrier in between them so that neither may overwhelm the other”

 and because between the sweet water and the salt water there is a Complete Partition, which prevents the fish living in the sweet water of the river from going into the salt water of the Ocean, and vice versa. To this effect, Allah, All Mighty, says,

“And it is He (Allah) Who has made the two seas meet together: one palatable and sweet, while the other salt and bitter; and He has set between them a Barrier and a Complete Partition.”

 Such Barrier and Complete Partition are of Allah’s Marvelous Signs that bespeak His Infinite Divine Might and Power. Seas and oceans never get mixed with one another although they are linked with one another. Can you pour into a vessel a glass of sweet water and another of salt water and keep them unmixed, i.e. separated from each other? After they have got mixed, can you separate them from each other? Can you drink only the sweet part and leave the salt one? Undoubtedly, this is far beyond human ability!

“He (Allah) has made the two seas meet together, with a Barrier in between them so that neither may overwhelm the other. Then, which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and humans) deny?”

[LV; 19-21]

 While still rejoicing at this great modern scientific discovery, some scientists were greatly amazed when they were informed that it was already mentioned in Allah’s Book, the Noble quran, which Allah, All Mighty, sent down from the heavens to His Messenger, Muhammad, (PBUH), more than 1400 years ago:

“He (Allah) has made the two seas meet together, with a Barrier in between them so that neither may overwhelm the other. Then, which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and humans) deny?”

[LV; 19-21]

 Also, after having discovered the fact that between rivers, which have sweet water, and seas, which have salt water, there are Complete Partitions that prevent them from dominating over one another and their fish from moving from one into another. Such Barriers and Partitions are moveable according to movement of winds and sea tides. In His Noble quran, Allah, All Mighty, refers to the second discovery, namely that of the Complete Partition between rivers and seas. He, Glory to Him, calls the first as “Barzakh” (i.e. Barrier) and the second as “Hijran Mahjoua” (i.e. Complete Partition). He, Praise to Him, says,

“And it is He (Allah) Who has made the two seas meet together: one palatable and sweet, while the other salt and bitter; and He has set between them a Barrier and a Complete Partition.”[1]

 As for the nature of such Barrier and Complete Partition, it is still under study and research.
 In this context, At-Tabari said: “Allah’s Infinite Divine Power is manifested to us by His preventing the salt water from spoiling the sweet one although they meet together. Some ignorant people may think that if they did not meet together, it would not be miraculous. We say that all the things that our Lord, Allah, All Mighty, creates are, in themselves, miraculous.”

Translation  : Khaled Al-Athmeh
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