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August
23
1991
Scientific topics from sermons- lesson (182)- Linguistic Miracles of the Quran (in the lowest part of the earth)
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Praise be to Allah, the Lord of Creations, and Peace and blessings be upon our prophet Muhammad, the faithful and the honest.
 Oh, Allah, we know nothing but what You teach us. You are the All- Knower, the Wise. Oh Allah, teach us what is good for us, and benefit us from what You taught us, and increase our knowledge. Show us the righteous things as righteous and help us to do them, and show us the bad things as bad and help us to keep away from them.
  O Allah our Lord, lead us out from the depths of darkness and illusion, unto the lights of erudition and knowledge, and from the muddy shallows of lusts unto the heavens of Your Vicinity.

Miraculous meanings in the verse:

 One of the evidences of the miraculous nature of the Holy Quran is that it foretold the future and that what Allah, All-Mighty, foretold came true later on. For example, Allah, All-Mighty, says,

“Alif Lam Meem. The Romans have been defeated Fee Adna-l-Ard [i.e. in the lowest (and nearest) part of the Earth]; but after their defeat, they shall be victorious in a few years. To Allah does belong the decision of the (whole) matter, before and after (these events). And on that day, believers shall rejoice.”

[XXX; 1-4]

 In the above Quranic Verses we are concerned with the words “Fee Adna-l-Ard [i.e. in the lowest (and nearest) part of the Earth]”. What does Allah, Glory to Him, mean by such words?! Which is the lowest (and nearest) part of the Earth?!
 Beyond a shadow of doubt, the Earth is round, and hence all the lines on its surface are solid and continuous. And the circle is the only geometrical shape whose lines are infinite. It is the only shape that has no edges. In other Verses Allah, All-Mighty, also refers to the Earth’s roundedness. He, Glory to Him, says,

“And the Earth: Madadnaha (i.e. We have stretched it out)…”

[XV; 19]

 The word “Madadnaha” (i.e. We have stretched it out) means that the lines on the Earth’s surface are solid and endless. In other words, if you go northwards up to the Arctic, you will go southwards down to the Antarctic, and then back to the point from which you have started. This is the meaning of Allah’s Words

“And the Earth: Madadnaha (i.e. We have stretched it out)…”.

 The above Quranic Verse refers to the fact that the Earth is round. But what does the words “Fee Adna-l-Ard”, in the previous Verses, mean? In Arabic the word “Adna” has two meanings: “the lowest” and “the nearest”. If we rule out the second meaning, i.e. “the nearest”, because the Earth is round, the words “Adna-l-Ard” mean “the lowest”. All interpreters of the Holy Quran confirm that the battle that the Verses speak about between the Romans and Persians took place in a place called “Al-Aghwar” (i.e. that part of the Syrian Graben which constitutes the Jordan valley in Palestine). When Muslim scholars inquired about altitude of that place, they were informed by the most learned and well-known Western geologists that it was located in the very lowest part of the world. At the time of Allah’s Messenger, Muhammad, (PBUH), it was not possible for mankind to know which part of the world was the lowest, for they did not have adequate equipment that we have today. But Allah’s Book, the Holy Quran, showed clearly that the Romans were defeated in the very lowest part of the world (i.e. the Jordan valley in Palestine) and that after their defeat, they would be victorious in a few years, which came true later on. Annals of human history confirm that such battle did take place in the Jordan valley of Palestine, which is, as described by the Holy Quran, “Adna-l-Ard”, i.e. the lowest part of the world.
 Verily, as Imam Ali Bin Abi Talib, may Allah be pleased with him, confirms, “In the Holy Quran there are Verses that have not been yet interpreted”. To this effect, Allah, All-Mighty, says,

“We shall show them Our Signs in the horizons (the universe) and in their own selves until it becomes manifest to them that this (the Quran) is the truth.”

[XLII: 53]

 Yes, indeed! It is the Book of Allah, All-Knowing, Who knows which point is the lowest in the whole world! Another Verse, which also provides clear evidence of the miraculous nature of the Holy Quran, goes,

“And proclaim to mankind the Hajj, they will come to you on foot and on every lean camel, they will come from every deep (i.e. distant) way.”

[XXII; 27]

Another verse that has a related meaning:

 In the above Verse, Allah, All-Knowing, does not say, “They will come from every distant way”. He, All-Mighty, says,

“They will come from every deep way”.

 If the Earth were not round, the worddistant would be more adequate than the word deep. But since the Earth is round, the further you go away from a certain point on it surface, the more bent and deep the line is. Therefore, places that are far away from Mecca are better described as being deep than distant:

“And proclaim to mankind the Hajj, they will come to you on foot and on every lean camel, they will come from every deep (i.e. distant) way.”

Translation  : Khaled Al-Athmeh
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